Subramanya Rahasya Trishati

OM asya shrI kumAra trishatI mahAmantrasya

mArkaNDeya RiShiH | anuShTup ChandaH | kumAra-ShaNmukho devatA |

kumAra iti bIjaM | shAkha iti shaktiH | vishAkha iti kIlakaM | nejameSha ityargalaM |

kArttikeya iti kavachaM | ShaNmukha iti dhyAnaM |

dhyAyet ShaNmukham indu-koTi-sadRishaM ratnaprabhA-shobhitaM |

bAlArka-dyuti-ShaT-kirITa-vilasat-keyUra-hArAnvitaM ||

karNAlambita kuNDala pravilasad-gaNDa-sthalA-shobhitaM |

kAnchI-kaNkaNa-kiNkiNI-rava-yutaM shRiNgAra-sArodayaM ||

dhyAyedIpsita-siddhidaM bhava-sutaM shrI-dvAdashAkShaM guhaM |

kheTaM kukkuTam aNkushaM cha varadaM pAshaM dhanush-chakrakaM ||

vajraM shaktim asiM cha shUlam abhayaM dorbhir dhRitaM ShaNmukhaM |

devaM chitra-mayUra-vAhana-gataM chitrAmbarAlaMkRitaM ||

arindamaH kumArash cha guhas skando mahAbalaH | 1/5

rudrapriyo mahAbAhur Agneyash-cha maheshvaraH || 1/9

rudrasuto gaNAdhyakSha ugrabAhur guhAshrayaH | 2/13

sharajo vIrahA ugro lohitAkShas sulochanaH || 2/18

mayUravAhanash shreShThash shatrujic ChatrunAshanaH | 3/22

ShaShThIpriya umAputraH kArttikeyo bhayAnakaH ||3/26

shaktipANir maheShvAso mahAsenas sanAtanaH | 4/30

subrahmaNyo vishAkhash cha brahmaNyo brAhmaNapriyaH || 4/34

nejameSho mahAvIrash shAkho dhUrto raNapriyaH | 5/39

chorAchAryo vihartA cha sthaviras sumanoharaH ||5/43

praNavo devasenesho dakSho darpaNashobhitaH | 6/47

bAlarUpo brahmagarbho bhImo bhImaparAkramaH || 6/51

shrImAn shiShTash shuchish shIgrash shAshvatash shikhivAhanaH | 7/57

bAhuleyo bRihadbAhur baliShTho balavAn balI | 7/62

ekavIro mahAmAnyas sumedhA roganAshanaH | 8/66

raktAmbaro mahAmAyI bahurUpo gaNeshvaraH || 8/70

iShuhasto mahAdhanvI kraunchabhid aghanAshakaH | 9/74

bAlagraho bRihadrUpo mahAshaktir mahAdyutiH || 9/78

ugravIryo mahAmanyur ruchiro rudrasaMbhavaH | 10/82

bhadrashAkho mahApuNyo mahotsAhaH kalAdharaH ||10/86

nandikeshapriyo devo lalito lokanAyakaH | 11/90

vidvattamo virodhighno vishoko vajradhArakaH ||11/94

shrIkaras sumanAs sUkShmas sughoShas sukhadas suhRit | 12/100

vahnijanmA haridvarNas senAnI revatIpriyaH || 12/104

ratnArchI ranjano vIro vishiShTash shubhalakShaNaH | 13/109

arka-puShpArchitash shuddho vRiddhikA-gaNa-sevitaH || 13/112

kuNkumANgo mahAvegaH kUTasthaH kukkuTadhvajaH |14/116

svAhApriyo grahAdhyakShaH pishAcha-gaNa-sevitaH || 14/119

mahottamo mahAmukhyash shUro mahiShamardanaH | 15/123

vaijayantI mahAvIryo devasiMho dRiDhavrataH || 15/127

ratnANgadadharo divyo rakta-mAlyAnulepanaH |16/130

duHsaho durlabho dIpto gajArUDho mahAtapaH || 16/135

yashasvI vimalo vAgmI mukhamaNDI-susevitaH |17/139

kAntiyukto vaShaTkAro medhAvI mekhalI mahAn || 17/144

netA niyatakalyANo dhanyo dhuryo dhRitavrataH |18/149

pavitraH puShTidaH pUrtiH piNgalaH puShTivardhanaH ||18/154

manoharo mahAjyotiH pradiShTo mahiShAntakaH | 19/158

ShaNmukho haraputrash cha mantragarbho vasupradaH || 19/162

variShTho varado vedyo vichitrANgo virochanaH | 20/167

vibudhAgracharo vettA vishvajid vishvapAlakaH || 20/171

phalado matido mAlI muktAmAlAvibhUShaNaH | 21/175

munistuto viShAlAkSho nadIsutash cha vIryavAn || 21/179

shakrapriyas sukeshash cha puNyakIrtir anAmayaH | 22/183

vIrabAhus suvIryash cha svAmI bAlagrahAnvitaH || 22/187

raNashUras suSheNash cha khaTvANgI khaDga-dhArakaH |23/191

raNasvAmI mahopAyash shvetaChattraH purAtanaH ||23/195

dAnavAriH kRitI kAmI shatrughno gaganecharaH | 24/200

sulabhas siddhidas saumyas sarvajnas sarvatomukhaH ||24/205

asihasto vinItAtmA suvIro vishvatomukhaH | 25/209

daNDAyudhI mahAdaNDas sukumAro hiraNmayaH || 25/213

ShANmAturo jitAmitro jayadaH pUtanAnvitaH | 26/217

janapriyo mahAghoro jitadaityo jayapradaH || 26/221

bAlapAlo gaNAdIsho bAla-roga-nivArakaH | 27/224

jayI jitendriyo jaitro jagatpAlo jagatprabhuH || 27/229

jaitrarathaH prashAntash cha sarvajid daityasUdanaH | 28/233

shobhanas sumukhash shAntaH kavis somo jitAhavaH || 28/239

maruttamo bRihadbhAnur bRihatseno bahupradaH | 29/243

sudRishyo devasenAnIs tArakArir guNArNavaH || 29/247

mAtRigupto mahAghoSho bhavasUnuH kRipAkaraH | 30/251

ghoraghuShyo bRihad-dyuMno dhanurhastas suvardhanaH ||30/255

kAmapradas sushiprash cha bahukAro mahAjavaH | 31/259

goptA trAtA dhanurdhArI mAtRi-chakra-nivAsinaH || 31/263

ShaDashriSh ShaDaraSh ShaTko dvAdashAkSho dviShaDbhujaH |32/268

ShaDakSharaSh ShaDarchish cha ShaDaNgaSh ShaDanIkavat || 32/272

sharvas sanatkumArash cha sadyojAto mahAmuniH | 33/276

raktavarNash shishush chaNDo hemachUDas sukhapradaH ||33/281

suhetir aNganAshliShTo mAtRikA-gaNa-sevitaH | 34/284

bhUtapatir gatAtaNko nIla-chUDaka-vAhanaH || 34/287

vachadbhU rudrabhUsh chaiva jagadbhUr brahmabhUs tathA | 35/291

bhuvadbhUr vishvabhUsh chaiva mantramUrtir mahAmanuH || 35/295

vAsudeva-priyash chaiva prahlAda-bala-sUdanaH | 36/297

kShetrapAlo bRihad-bhAso bRihad-devo arinjayaH || 36/301

Source: Manastaramgini supplements.

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praGYaa vivardhana kaartikeya stotraM – प्रज्ञा विवर्धन कार्तिकेय स्तोत्रं

श्री गणेशाय नमः

श्री स्कन्द उवाच

योगीश्वरो महासेनः कार्तिकेयोऽग्निनंदनः

स्कन्दः कुमारः सेनानी स्वामी शंकरसम्भवः

गांगेयस्ताम्रचूडश्च ब्रह्मचारी शिखिध्वजः

तारकारिरुमापुत्रः क्रौञ्चारिश्च षडाननः

शब्दब्रह्म समुद्रश्च सिद्धः सारस्वतो गुहः

सनत्कुमारो भगवान् भोग मोक्ष फलप्रदः

शरजन्मा गुणादीशः पूर्वजो मुक्ति मार्गकृत्

सर्वागम प्रणेता च वाञ्छितार्थ प्रदर्शनः

अष्टाविंशति नामानि मदीयानीति यः पठेत्

प्रत्यूषम् श्रद्धया युक्तो मूको वाचस्पतिर्भवेत्

महामन्त्रमया नीति मम नामानुकीर्तनम्

महाप्रज्ञामवाप्नोति नात्र कार्या विचारणा

.. इति श्री रुद्रयामले प्रज्ञाविवर्धनाख्यम्

श्रीमत्कार्तिकेयस्तोत्रम् संपूर्णम् ..

The sixteen names are not explained since they are easily understood . Some of  the names refer to some legends associated with skanda.

Skanda said:

The person who reads my 28 names told here with concentration, in the morning, obtains equal status with Brihaspati in speech, even if he cannot speak. Further, the person who reads my names as maha mantras obtains great  intelligence . There is no doubt about this.

Subramanya Bhujangam

(Subramanya Bhujangam is a stotra sung under inspiration by Sri Aadi Sankara at Tiruchendur. When he meditated upon Sri Subramanya, he became aware of a self luminous light shining in his heart and words came out his mouth in extempore in bhujanga metre).

1.   sadA bAlaroopApi vighnAdhi hanthri, mahAdanthi vaktrApi panchAsyamAnyA

      vidheendhrAdhi mrigyA gaNeshAbhidhAme, vidhatthAm shriyam kApi kalyANamurthi :

{Though He always sports the appearance of a child, He can crumble the mountains of obstacles. Though He is elephant-faced, He is honoured even by his five-faced father Shiva (sadyojaatam, vaamadevam, aghoram, tatpurusham and iishaanam). Lord Brahma, Indra and the other Devas seek him to fulfil their aspirations. He is known as Ganesha and He is endowed with boundless glory. May He bless me with prosperity!}.

2.   na jAnAmi padhyam, na jAnAmi gadhyam, na jAnAmi shabdam, na jAnAmi chArttham

      chidekA shadAsyA hridhi dhyothathe me, mukhAnis saranthe giraschApi chitram

{I know not the science of musical sounds, I know not the meanings of complex texts either, I know not the nature of shlokas made of four types of padaas, nor do I know the intricacies of the gadhyam style! But in my heart, shines an effulgent light with six luminous faces, and because of that, from my mouth, amazing phrases with musical tone and meanings pour out in extempore}.

3.   mayUrAdhiroodam mahAvAkyagUdam manohArideham mahachittageham

      mahIdevadevam mahavedabhAvam mahadevabAlam bhaje lokapAlam

{O Son of Mahadeva! Seated on the peacock chariot, being the essence of the great maha vaakyaas, having wonderfully attractive body, dwelling in the heart of great sages, O the quintessence of four Vedas! Thou are indeed the Lord of the Universe}.

4.   yadhA sannidhAnam gathA mAnavA me, bhavAm bodhipAram gathAsthe thadhaiva

      ithi vyanjayan sindhutheere ya aaste, thameede pavitram parAshaktiputram

{O Lord Subramanya! Son of spotless Parashakti [the Mother of the Cosmos], Thou have taken your abode near the sea shore Tiruchendur as if it is an indication that whenever the devotees take refuge in Thee, they can easily cross the ocean of samsara (the eternal cycle of life and death) and reach the other side of the shore safely!}.

5.   yathAbdhes tharangA layam yAnthi thungA, thatthaivA padha sannidhou sevyamAne

      itheevormi panktheer nrinAm darshayantham, sadA bhAvaye hrithsaroje guham tham

{The waves of worries that haunt the minds of the devotees get destroyed like the waves of the ocean when they hit the shore; Thou stands on the sea-side town of Tiruchendur exemplifying this truth that the mental worry-waves get destroyed when the devotees surrender themselves at Thy feet. O Lord Guha (one who resides in the cave of the heart)! I meditate on you always!}.

6.   girou mannivAse narA yedhi rUdA :, thadhA parvathe rAjathe thedhirUdA :

      itheeva bruvan gandha shailAdhirUdah :, sadevo mudhe me sadA shanmukhostu

{O Lord Shanmukha! Thou stands on the top of the Sugandha hill, proclaiming that whenever the devotees climb this hill it will give the same benefit as climbing the king of mountains (Kailas)! May the six-faced Lord on the Sugandha hills remain there to bless me!}.

7.   mahAmbodhitheere mahApApachore, muneendrAnukoole sugandhAkhya shaile

      guhAyAm vasantham svabhAsA lasantham, janArthim harantham shrayAmo guham tham

{On the shores of the great ocean which steals away the sins of the devotees, stands the Sugandha hills, the most favourable site for the sages to perform their penance! Thou resides there to destroy the worries of the devotees! O self-luminous Lord who is present in the cave of the heart! I adore Thee!}.

8.   lasat swarna gehai nrinAm kAmadohe, sumasthoma sanchanna mANikya manche

      samudyath sahasrArka thulyaprakAsham, sadA bhAvaye kArtikeyam suresham

{In a radiant golden bedroom, on a cot set with rubies and covered on all sides with sweet smelling flowers, Thou art seated with the effulgence of a thousand suns! Thou art the answer to every desire of the heart and Thou fulfils the righteous desires of Thy devotees! Thou art the Lord of Devas and son of the Lord of the universe! O Kartikeya I meditate on Thee!}.

9.   raNat hamsake manjuleth yanthashoNe, manohAri lAvaNya peeyusha poorNe

      manash : – shatpadho me bhava klesha taptha :, sadA modathAm skanda te pAda padme

{Let the mind (like a bee) which is burdened with domestic troubles become happy by hovering around Thy lotus feet which is adorned with the jingling ringlets made of rings and beads, red in color indicating grace, filled with the nectar of beauty which attracts the minds of the devotees}.

10.  suvarnAbha divyAm barodh bhAsa mAnam, kvaNath kinkiNi mekhalA shobha mAnam

       lasad dhemapattena vidhyotha mAnam, katim bhAvaye Skanda te deepya mAnam

{Oh! Skanda, I meditate on Thy waist which is covered by a gold coloured cloth, shining with a string of ringing bells and beads, wearing a shining gold belt over the golden silk cloth, and which is by itself self-resplendent}.

11.  pulindesha kanyA ghanA bhoga thunga, sthanA linganA saktha kAshmeera rAgam

       namasyAmyaham tArakAre tavorah :, svabhaktA vane sarvadA sAnurAgam

{Oh! conqueror of Tarakasura! By embracing Valli’s (hunter’s daughter) well-developed breast ornated with saffron, Thy chest became red coloured, thereby manifesting your eternal grace towards devotees. And such a chest I adore}.

12.  vidhou kluptha dhandAn svaleelA dhri thAndAn, nirasthebha shundAn dvishath kAladhandAn

       hathendhrAri shandAn jagatrAna shoundAn, sadA te prachandAn shraye bAhu dhandAn

{Oh! Shanmukha! Thy arms punished Brahma, Thy arms govern the world as Thy play; Thy arms killed Soorapadma and other demons who are enemies of Indra; Thy arms are matchless in protecting the Universe, and Thy arms are a terror to Thine enemies. I worship Thy twelve arms which do all these things effortlessly}.

13.  sadA shAradA : shan mrugAngkA yadhisyu :, samudyantha eva stthithAsh cheth samanthAth

       sadApoorna bimbA : kalankaishcha heenA :, tadA tvan mukhAnAm bruve Skanda sAmyam

{What can I compare to Thy six faces! If there be six full moons free from blemishes and if those moons be ever shining on all sides, even then they would be no match to your effulgent faces}.

14.  sphuran mandahAsai : sahamsAni chanchath, katAkshA valeebhringa sanghojvalAni

       sudhAsyandhi bimbA dharANi shasoono, tavA lokaye shanmukhAm bhoruhANi

{Oh! Son of Parameshwara, I see Thy six smiling faces shining like a group of swans, having gleaming side glances ever moving like a row of bees and with red lips overflowing with nectar}.

15.  vishAleshu karNAntha dheergesh vajasram, dayAs yandhishu dvAdha shas veekshaNeshu

       mayeeshath katAkshas : sakruth pAthi tashcheth, bhavethe dayAsheela kA nAma hAni :

{Oh! Son of Parameshwara! Oh Merciful Lord! When Thou hast twelve broad long eyes extending upto ears, what will Thou lose by casting that side glance for a moment (on me) ? }.

16.  suthAngodhbhavo mesi jeevethi shad dhA, japanmantra meesho mudhA jigrathe yAn

       jagad bhAra bhridbhyo jagannAtha thebhya :, kireeto jvalebhyo namo mastakebhya

{Oh! Lord of the Universe! I offer my prostration to Thy six heads wearing crowns with brilliant rubies which protect the welfare of creatures, which were smelt by Parameshwara with joy uttering six times the mantra “Child Thou were born of me, May Thou live long”}.

17.  sphuradh ratna keyoora hArAbhi rAma, chalath kuNdala shri-lasadh kandabhAga

       katou peethavAsA kare chArushakti, purasthAn ma mAsthAm purAres thanooja

{Oh Kumara! Son of Lord Parameshwara (who destroyed Tripura)! With garlands of brilliant rubies on Thy shoulders and chest, with bright cheeks shining with pendants dangling from Thy ears, wearing silk garment around Thy waist, and with Vel in Thy hand, Oh! Lord appear before me (It is said that Lord appeared before Acharya when he sung this stotra)!}.

18.  ihAyAhi vatsethi hasthAn prasArya, aah-vayath-yAdha-rAch-shankare mAthu rankAth

       samuthpathya thAtham shrayantham kumAram, harAshlishta gAthram bhaje bAlamoorthim

{When Lord Shankara called Thee affectionately with arms extended, Thou hurriedly rose from Mother’s lap and rushed into Shankara’s arms who embraced Thee affectionately. I meditate on such a Lord Kumara}.

19.  kumAresha soono Guhaskanda senA, pathe shaktipAne mayUrAdhirUda

       pulindhAthmajA kAntha bhakthArthi hArin, prabho tArakAre sadA raksha mAm tvam

{Oh Kumara! Oh Son of Lord of the Universe! One who shines in the cave of the heart as Guha! Oh Skanda! Oh Lord of the Devas’ Army! Oh Wielder of the weapon Vel which is the svarupa of Parashakti! One who rides on the peacock chariot! Oh Beloved of the Hunter’s daughter (Valli)! Destroyer of the sins of your devotees! Enemy of Tarakasura! Oh Lord protect me!}.

20.  prashAn thendriye nashta samngnye vicheshte, kaphod kArivaktre bhayoth kampi gAthre

       prayANon mukhe mayyanAthe thadhAneem, drutham me dhayALo bhavAgre guham tham

{Hail Guha, Dayalo. During the last moments of my life, when I will have lost control of my senses, when I will have lost consciousness, when I will be unable move my limbs, when I will be emitting foam of phlegm, when my body will be trembling with fear of death, when I will have none to protect me, Thou must hasten to give me darshan}.

21.  krithAn thasya dhooteshu chandeshu kopAth, daha chindhi bhindheethi mAm tharja yatsu

       mayUram samAruhya mAbhairi thitvam, purash shakti pAnir mamAyAhi sheegram

{Oh! Lord, when ferocious messengers of the God of Death come to torture me angrily shouting, “Burn him, Kill him”, Oh! Lord Thou must hasten to appear before me, riding on your peacock,carrying Shaktivel, to encourage me not to be afraid}.

22.  praNam yAsa kruth pAda yosthe pathitvA, prasAdya prabho prArthaye (a)nekavAram

       na vaktum kshamoham thadhAneem krupApdhe, na kAryAnthakAle manA gapyu pekshA

{Oh Merciful Lord! I am prostating to Thy feet often to secure Thy blessings. Oh treasure house of mercy! I offer prayers to please Thee. Thou should not be indifferent towards me during my last moments. At that time I may not have the control and energy to pray to Thee!}.

23.  sahasrAnda bhokthA tvayA ShooranAmA, hathas tArakas simhavaktrascha dhaitya

       mamAnthar hridhistham manaklesha mekam, na hamsi prabho kim karomi kva yAmi

{O Lord! Thou hast slain the demon Soora who ruled the thousand universes! So were the demons Taarakasura and Simhavaktra. But Lord,why have you not killed the demon called mental worry which haunts my mind? When it is afflicting me, what will I do? And where will I go [other than you for help] ? }.

24.  aham sarvadA dukkha bhArA vasanno, bhavAn deenabandhus tva dhanyam na yAche

       bhavadh bhaktirodham sadA kluptha bAdham, mamAdhim drutham nAsha yo mAsuta tvam

{Oh Son of Uma! I am always troubled by the mental worries. Thou art the friend of helpless! I approach none but you for saving me. Quickly destroy my mental worries as they interfere with my devotion towards Thee!}.

25.  apasmAra kushta kshayArsha prameha, jvaronmAdha gulmAdhi rogA mahAntha

       pishAchAshcha sarve bhavatpatra bhoothim, vilokya kshanAth tArakAre dravanthe

{Oh Conqueror of Taraka! Severe epilepsy, leprosy, consumption, lung diseases, venereal diseases, fevers, mental diseases of all types, they run away the moment they see Thy vibhuti contained in a leaf}.

26.  drishi skandamoorthih shrutou skandakeerthih, mukhe me pavitram sadA tach-charitram

       kare tasya krityam vapus tasya bhrutyam, guhe santu leenA mamA shesha bhAvA

{Always may I have before my eyes the murthi of Lord Skanda! Always let my ears hear only the praises of Lord Skanda! Always let my mouth sing the praise of Lord Skanda! Always let my hands be of service to the Lord! Always let my body be a servant to the Lord! Let my limbs, thoughts and actions be devoted to Skanda!}.

27.  muneenA muthAho nriNAm bhakti bhAjAm, abheeshta pradhA santhi sarvatra devA

       nriNA manthya jAnAm api svArtha dhAne, guhA devam anyam najAne najAne

{In all the worlds there are Devas to grant the boons of sages and great bhaktas. But for the lowly and ordinary devotees, I know not of any other Deity to protect them except Guha!}.

28.  kaLathram suthA bandhuvarga pashurvA, naro vAtha nAree gruhe ye madheeyA

       yajantho namanthah stuvantho bhavantham, smaran thascha te santu sarve kumAra

{Oh Lord Kumara! Let my wife, children, relatives, friends, other men and women in our household, venerate Thee! Praise Thee! And always be absorbed in Thy thoughts!}.

29.  mrigA pakshiNo dhamshakA ye cha dushtAs, tathA vyAdhayo bhAdha kA ye madhange

       bhavacchakti teekshnAgra bhinnAs sudhoore, vinashyantu te choorNitha krouncha shaile

{Oh! Destroyer of Krauncha Shaila! Let every thing that troubles my body, birds, beasts, insects, severe diseases, be pierced by Thy powerful weapon Vel and taken far away and destroyed}.

30.  janithri pithA cha svaputrA parAdham, sahethe na kim devasenAdhi nAtha

       aham chAthibAlo bhavAn loka thAtha, kshamasvAparAdham samastham Mahesha

{Do not the parents overlook the faults of their children? Oh! Chief of the army of Devas! I am a small child. Thou art the Father of the Universe. Oh Mahesha! Forgive all my faults}.

31.  namah kekine shaktaye chApi tubhyam, namah chhaga tubhyam namah kukkutAya

       namah sindhave sindhu deshAya tubhyam, punah skanda moorthe namaste namostu

{I bow to Thee, O Peacock (the symbol of Vedas)! I bow to Thee, O Shakti Weapon (Vel is Parashakti herself), I bow to Thee, O Sheep (the symbol of maya tattvam), I bow to Thee, O Rooster (the symbol of Ego), I bow to Thee, O Ocean (the symbol of ananda), I bow to Thee, O Tiruchendur Shrine, I bow to Thee, O Lord Skanda! I bow to Thee again and again! Let all my prostrations reach Thee!}.

32.  jayA nanda bhooman jayA pAra dhAman, jayA mogha keerthe jayA nanthamoorthe

       jayA nanda sindho jayA shesha bandho, jaya tvam sadA mukti dhAnesha soono

{O Source of ananda, reveal Thyself! O Embodiment of boundless effulgent light, reveal Thyself! O Lord! who has all pervading glory, reveal Thyself! O Embodiment of bliss, reveal Thyself! O Lord, Thou art the ocean of bliss, reveal Thyself! O Lord who is the friend of all creatures, reveal Thyself! O Lord, Son of Parameshwara, Bestower of liberation, reveal Thy Glory to me and protect me!}.

33.  bhujangAkhya vritthena kluptham sthavam yah, pateth bhakti yuktho guham sam pranamya

       suputrAn kaLathram dhanam dheergamAyuh, labheth Skanda sAyujya manthe narrassah.

{That holy devotee, who prostrates to Lord Guha, reciting the Bhujanga stotra daily, with devotion, will be blessed with good sons, good wife, wealth and long life, and at end of his life, will attain eternal bliss with Lord Skanda}.

The study and evolution of Skanda-Kartikeya forms

Ancient icons of the Indian sub-continent invariably catch the fancy of art historians across the world for their creativity and intricate craftsmanship. Studying their origin and evolution and coordinating them with the available texts in different languages is a real intellectual challenge. Diligent search will reveal that the theology of the Vedas metamorphosed into many branches in the form of Puranas and Agamas. They also speak of several deities and contain myths surrounding their origin that were current in many societies in different parts of the sub-continent. What rendered the task of understanding the spiritual reality behind the icons even more complex is that a bewildering variety of images are associated with one and the same god.

The first such diligent search was made by T.A. Gopinatha Rao in the beginning of 20{+t}{+h} century and the outcome was the publication, Elements of Hindu Iconography. Since then plenty of materials have been unearthed, warranting a revised approach.

In the Hindu Pantheon, Siva and Skanda occupy a unique place. A study of the evolution of Kumara, the son of Agni — as mentioned in the Vedas — into Skanda-Kartikeya itself is a complex exercise. Further, the syncretism of these forms with Tamil ‘Muruga’ — a concept that is deep-rooted in the socio-ecological framework of the five Thinais of the Sangam literature, with possible roots in the tribal religion that preceded the Sangam period — is altogether a different dimension. The author of this book has endeavoured to unravel the complex phenomenon and succeeded in establishing that the ‘War God’ of North India synchronised with Muruga, one of the five early deities of the Tamil country.

Etymology

Haripriya Rangarajan begins her exploration of the Skanda-Murugan cult by looking at the etymology of several terms denoting the god in the Rig Veda and in the later works, particularly the Puranas. In elucidating the mythological evolution of different forms, as mentioned in the Puranas and epics, she presents all the published versions. She draws evidential support from the coins of Kushana king, Huvishka and others while discussing Skanda-Kartikeya from a historical perspective.

No less significant is the evidence available in the Nagarjuna valley (Andhra Pradesh) in the form of a temple dedicated to Kartikeya and the images depicting him with his distinctive ‘cock’ banner. Until the end of the Gupta period, Kartikeya was adored as the ‘god of war’ since the legend speaks of him as the generalissimo of the forces of the celestials (devas). No doubt, he was the tutelary god of the dynasties like Chalukyas.

From this, she moves on to discuss the more complex evolution of the cult of Murugan-Skanda in the south. The cult of Skanda struck roots and came to be patronised more in Tamil Nadu and its adjoining areas than in northern India. In fact, the passion for the cult is often reflected in the violent forms of worship adopted by devotees of this region. She explains the esoteric significance of the birth of Skanda by alluding to the ‘Vel’ being regarded as the symbol of ‘True Knowledge’.

The lucidity of Haripriya Rangarajan’s account of the cult in the Sangam age and the way she has brought out the significance of the six faces of Skanda testify to the depth of her knowledge in socio-cultural history of early Tamil culture.

She provides a wealth of information about many of the abodes of Muruga-Skanda in the South, along with their mythological background. However, one felt the recently unearthed temple in Saluvankuppam (near Mamallapuram) could have been included. The chapter giving a synoptical account of the contents, the appendices, and the illustrations are thoughtful additions and serve to enhance the value of the work. Researchers are sure to find it a valuable resource.

In a sense, the author makes an attempt at placing the Skanda-Muruga cult, which is hugely popular in the South and widely seen as a typically southern cult, in a pan-Indian context. This indeed is the strong point of her work, for the other scholars who have written on the subject either rooted themselves exclusively in the Puranic traditions or dissected only the Muruga cult.

Murthi Rahasya

The Murtirahasya  forms the last part of Devimahatmyam. In it are briefly enumerated five further incarnations of the Goddess, beyond the ones already praised in the main text. The Murtirahasya is one of shadangas  which became appended to the Devimahatyam in the 14th century.

a] Vindyavasini –  the mountain-dweller

b] Raktadantika – the red-fanged one

c] Sakambari – the blue-bodied earth

d]  Kalaratri – the darkest night

e] Bhramari –  the beekeeper

Durga Saptashati / Chandi Path Parayana Procedure

Devi Mahatmyam (Durga Saptashati or Chandi Path) is a powerful text dedicated to Goddess Shakti. The reading procedure of Devi Saptashati is given here in detail version. Many devotees are confused on how to recite this powerful text – on which day, which adhyaya (chapter) needs to be chanted..

There are two methods to start reading Devi Mahatmyam –

Trayangam – is a method in which we need to chant three prayers – Devi Kavacham, Argala Stotram and Devi Keelakam followed by Navakshari Mantram.
Navangam. – is a method for which nine prayers are recited prior of starting reading the book. Navangam stotrams are: Devi Nyasa, Devi Avahana, Devi Namani, Argala Stotram, Keelaka Stotram, Devi Hrudaya, Dhala, Devi Dhyana and Devi Kavacha.

As per the prescribed methods in ancient scriptures, Devi Mahatmya should be read in one sitting. After finishing the recital of Devi Mahatmya, one should chant the

Devi Suktam (slokas 7 to 36 of Chapter 8).

Devi Saptashati Parayana is done in 3 days & 7 days

Apart from one sitting recital, devotees read Devi mahatmya for three consecutive days:

Prathama Charitra or 1st Chapter on first day,

Madhyama Charitra (2, 3, 4 chapters) on 2nd day, and

Uttama Charitra (5-13 chapters) on third day.

Some devotees also read Devi Mahatmya in 7 days.

1st Chapter on first day,

2-3 chapters on 2nd day,

4th chapter on 3rd day,

5-8 chapters on 4th day,

9-10 chapters on 5th day,

11th chapter on 6th day and

12-13 chapters on 7th day.

Each chapter should be read in single sitting. Due to any reason, Parayana is stopped in between a chapter; the whole chapter should be read again. The order of reciting Durga Saptashati Parayana daily is: Trayanga Mantra, Devi Mahatmya text followed by Devi Suktam.

Many devotees read Durga Saptashati during Navratri Durga Puja 9/10 days.. Here is the procedure to read Devi Mahatmyam during Navratri

1st day: Chapter 1 (Madhu kaitabha samhaaram)

2nd day: Chapter 2, 3 and 4 (Mahishhasura samhaara)

3rd day: Chapter 5 and 6 (Dhuumralochana vadha)

4th day: Chapter 7 (Chanda Munda vadha)

5th day: Chapter 8 (Rakta biija samhaara)

6th day: Chapter 9 and 10 (Shumbha Nishumbha vadha)

7th day: Chapter 11 (Praise of Narayani)

8th day: Chapter 12 (Phalastuti – reciting merits or benefits)

9th day: Chapter 13 (Blessings to Suratha and the Merchant)

10th day: Chapter 14 (Aparadha Kshamaprarthana) on 10th day

You can also complete the recital on 9th day by chanting Devi Aparadha Kshama Prarthana Stotram on 9th day itself. You should read Siddha Kunjika Stotram after completing the recital of every chapter.

Another tradition chants it in the following procedure:

1. sapoddhara and utkilana

2. kavacham

3. argala stotra

4. kilakam

5. navakshari japam

6. vedoktamratri suktam

7. devl mahatmyam

8. navaksari japam

9. rgvedoktam devl suktam

10. kunjika stotram

11. ksama prarthana

Rashi and Profession

MESHA:

Govt. job, Police, Military Service, Fire Service, Sports, Engineeringindustry, Iron factory, boiler plant, brick chamber, pottery work, mining,surgeon, arm manufacturing, cooking, agriculture, trade union leader

VRISHABA:

Jewelry business, cattle shed, money lending, commission agent,financial institutions, handicrafts, fancy articles, scented materials, fivestar hotels, flower merchants, fruit juice shop, drama, cinema, music,poet, story writer, singer, treasury.

MITHUNA:

Information and broad casting, space dept., education dept. P & T,Telephone, book publishing , mathematics dept, accountants, auditors,law and order councilor, ambassador

KATAKA:

Export and Import, shipping, transport dept., agriculture, grocery shop,medical shop, milk booth, vegetable shop, pearl merchant, hotelbusiness, distillery, mineral water selling,

SIMHA:

Govt.Job, Politics, Administrator, Social Services, Charitableinstitutions, Engineering Industry

KANYA:

Auditing, Accounting, Business, Teacher, writer, retail shops

TULA:

Jewelry shop, fancy shop, handicrafts, perfume shop, cloth merchant,money lending, commission agents, bank, Life insurance , law dept.,hotel business, bar and Restaurant, Dancing Hall, Beauty parlor,Music, Dance , Cinema

VRISCHIKA:

Iron Industries, Engineering Industry, Mining, Agriculture, ElectricityDept, Metal industry, Instrument Manufacturing, precision developmentorganization, raw materials, priest, astrology, mantra and tantra, occultpractices

DHANUS:

Forest dept, saw mills, wood merchant, bank, law dept, temple,financial institutions, education dept, ordnance depot, military trainingdept, social service, charitable institutions.

MAKARA:

Hotels, food products, manure and pesticide selling, oil merchant,mining, dealing with spare parts and old articles, hardware shop,leather business, building work, Granite stone and sand business,porters, coolies, drivers, shoe polishing, shoe makers.

KUMBHA:

Psychology, Astrology, Philosophy, Religion, Teaching, Research andDevelopment, Consultancy, Administration, Oil and Natural GasCompanies, Air Service, Space Dept., Defence service, Fire Service,Jail Dept., Bomb manufacturing, tourist guide, central excise dept,butcher shop, CBI Dept.

MEENA:

Education Dept, Religious Institutions, Medicine, Financial institution,Law Dept, External Affairs, Bank, Navy, shipping, temple worker, priest